Water Damage Basics

Water Damage BASICS

Water damage restoration training is one of the important skill sets that a team of professional cleaners need in order to offer comprehensive services. This is a service that involves going into a home or business after a wet disaster, such as flood, burst pipes, or snow destruction, and not just cleaning up the mess, but actually drying and repairing the substructures that high volumes of moisture will affect, such as plaster and drywall, wood, concrete, and metal. Mold is a concern, of course, but there can be many other problems related to moisture damage; crumbling drywall and plaster, weakening beams and supports, rusting metal surfaces, and more. If the moisture is left to sit long enough, it will eventually bring the house to ruin. By having professional water damage restoration training, a cleaning crew will be able to properly assess the situation and devise the best plan for repair.

According the IICRC (Institute of Inspection Cleaning and Restoration Certification), which sets the standards for the cleaning industry and water damage restoration training, there are several different levels and classes involved in liquid destruction. From the IICRC’s S-500 standards, there are three categories describing the type of liquid involved.

water-damage-image

•    Category 1. This is liquid from a clean and sanitary source, such as faucets, toilet tanks, drinking fountains, etc. But, category one can quickly degrade into category two.
•    Category 2. This category of liquid used to be called grey water, and is described as having a level of contaminates that may cause illness or discomfort if ingested. Sources include dishwasher or washing machine overflows, flush from sink drains, and toilet overflow with some urine but not feces.
•    Category 3. This is the worst classification and is grossly unsanitary. It could cause severe illness or death if ingested. It used to be called black water, and sources include sewer backup, flooding from rivers or streams, toilet overflow with feces, and stagnant liquid that has begun to support bacterial growth.

Next are the classes of destruction.

•    Class 1. The lowest and easiest to deal with, this has a slow evaporation rate. Only part of a room or area was affected, there is little or no wet carpet, and the moisture has only affected materials with a low permeance rate, such as plywood or concrete.
•    Class 2. With a fast evaporation rate, this level affects an entire room, carpeting, or cushioning, the wetness has wicked up the walls at least 12”, and there is moisture remaining in structural materials.
•    Class 3. This class has the fastest evaporation rate, and ceilings, walls, insulation, carpet and sub-floors are all saturated. The liquid may have come from overhead.
•    Class 4. This class is labeled as specialty drying situations, which means there has been enough liquid and time to saturate materials with very low permeance, such as hardwood, brick, or stone.

Water Damage Restoration

Restoration

Different removal methods and measures are used depending on the category of water. Due to the destructive nature of water, restoration methods also rely heavily on the amount of water, and on the amount of time the water has remained stagnant. For example, as long as carpet has not been wet for longer than 48 hours, and the water involved was not sewage based, a carpet can usually be saved; however, if the water has soaked for longer, then the carpet is probably irreparable and will have to be replaced. Water damage restoration can be performed by property management teams, building maintenance personnel, or by the homeowners themselves; however, contacting a certified professional water damage restoration specialist is often regarded as the safest way to restore water damaged property due to their training and extensive experience. Most are usually listed under “Fire and Water Restoration” and they can help speed repairs, whether for individual homeowners or for the largest of institutions. Fire and Water Restoration companies are regulated by the appropriate state’s Department of Consumer Affairs – usually the state contractors license board. In California, all Fire and Water Restoration companies must register with the California Contractors State License Board. Presently, the California Contractors State License Board has no specific classification for “water and fire damage restoration.”

restoration image

The IICRC S500 provides a specific use of practical standards for water damage restoration. It does not attempt to teach comprehensive water damage restoration procedures; instead it provides the foundation and basic principles of proper restoration practices. Prior to specifying the job scope and procedures, the S500 must be reviewed. This is important so that the individual circumstances of each restoration job is taken into account. Users of the S500 must be in pace with technology and follow all rules and regulations of a country whether it may be federal, state, provincial or local law. Federal, State and local laws might also determine who can do the water damage restoration assessment and who can authorize remediation procedures. In British Columbia (Canada) the Insurance Council of British Columbia has determined that an Insurance Adjuster working for an Insurer (to mitigate a loss or potential loss) can authorize restoration efforts on private property even though it may not be a covered peril; but, the Adjuster is not accountable for the outcome of any restoration effort, even if the Insured party was, or could be, knowingly placed in harm’s way. Each case of a water damage may be unique and common sense may require deviation from the S500.

Health hazards

Slight discolorations on the walls and ceiling may go unnoticed for a long time as they gradually spread and get more severe. Even if they are noticed, they often are ignored because it is thought that some discoloration will occur as a part of normal wear and tear in a home. Molds spread throughout the living space leading to serious health consequences. Symptoms caused by mold allergy are watery, itchy eyes, a chronic cough, headaches or migraines, difficulty breathing, rashes, tiredness, sinus problems, nasal blockage and frequent sneezing.

 

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Defining Water Damage

Defining WATER Damage

interior water damage

Water damage describes a large number of possible losses caused by water intruding where it will enable attack of a material or system by destructive processes such as rotting of wood, growth, rusting of steel, de-laminating of materials such as plywood, and many others.

The damage may be imperceptibly slow and minor such as water spots that could eventually mar a surface, or it may be instantaneous and catastrophic such as flooding. However fast it occurs, water damage is a major contributor to loss of property.

An insurance policy may or may not cover the costs associated with water damage and the process of water damage restoration. While a common cause of residential water damage is often the failure of a sump pump, many homeowner’s insurance policies do not cover the associated costs without an addendum which adds to the monthly premium of the policy. Often the verbiage of this addendum is similar to “Sewer and Drain Coverage”.

Those individuals who are affected by wide scale flooding may have the ability to apply for government and FEMA grants through the Individual Assistance program. On a larger level, businesses, cities, and communities can apply to the FEMA Public Assistance program for funds to assist after a large flood. For example, the city of Fond du Lac Wisconsin received $1.2 million FEMA grant after flooding in June 2008. The program allows the city to purchase the water damaged properties, demolish the structures, and turn the properties into public green space.

Categories

Category 1 Water – Refers to a source of water that does not pose substantial threat to humans and classified as “Clean Water“. Examples are broken water supply lines, tub or sink overflows or appliance malfunctions that involves water supply lines.

Category 2 Water – Refers to a source of water that contains a significant degree of chemical, biological or physical contaminants and causes discomfort or sickness when consumed or even exposed to. Known as “Grey Water“. This type carries micro organisms and nutrients of micro organisms. Examples are toilet bowls with urine (no feces), sump pump failures, seepage due tohydrostatic failure and water discharge from dishwashers or washing machines.

Category 3 Water – Known as “Black Water” and is grossly unsanitary. This water contains unsanitary agents, harmful bacteria and fungi, causing severe discomfort or sickness. Type 3 category are contaminated water sources that affects the indoor environment. This category includes water sources from sewage, seawater, rising water from rivers or streams, ground surface water or standing water. Category 2 Water or Grey Water that is not promptly removed from the structure and or have remained stagnant may be re classified as Category 3 Water. Toilet back flows that originates from beyond the toilet trap is considered black water contamination regardless of visible content or color.

Water Damage Denver

TIPS & SERVICES for Water Damage Denver

Turn off the water supply. Stop the source of the flood to keep the damage from spreading – most sources of water in your home or business have shut-off valves that can be turned off. If the source of water can’t be turned off or the plumbing break is in a wall, call a plumber as quickly as possible.

  1. Speed and safety are some of the most important factors when you experience a flood or water damage.The faster the water is removed, the more likely the property can be salvaged. If the water isn’t extracted in a timely manner, the sitting water can not only seep up the walls and spread throughout the property, but it can also become toxic. (The IICRC has formal classifications of water damage which you can view here.
    With any water damage mitigation, you need to be safe. If a restoration company does not extract the water properly, secondary problems will arise such as mold. If mold grows, the property dwellers may not notice it until a later time, in which they find themselves constantly sick with no reason why.
  2. With the harsh weather conditions and subzero degree temperatures, we wanted to create a resource for preventing frozen pipes, for thawing pipes that are already frozen, and what to do if your frozen pipes burst.If the area you reside in is prone to freezing temperatures for extensive periods of time, you may have personally experienced or know neighbors in your area who have had frozen pipes-which is not a favorable experience. The time you take to ensure your pipes are well insulated will be invaluable if it prevents a frozen pipe. The problem with a frozen pipe, other than the fact that ice can expand so much that it can burst open a pipe, is that you will not have running water. A broken pipe can subsequently lead to flooding, damaging your property and personal belongings.

    Washing-Machine-Overflow

  3. Household appliances can cause more water damage than one might think. If one thinks about it, we have many appliances that require water to function: dishwasher, washing machine, fridge, water heater, and sink. Each type of appliance can create its own unique water damage situation. Make sure to address appliance water damage as soon as possible so the problem does not worsen.

 

Our partner sites house valuable information on a range of topics. Please visit!

www.times-square-nyc.com

www.cornerbakerymenu.com

www.pointlomauniversity.com

www.saltlakecommunitycollege.net

www.bestyogaposesforbackpain.com

www.creditscardbalancetransfer.com

www.nfl-scores.net

www.freetrialmarket.com

www.botulismsymptoms.net

www.carinsurancetexas.net 

www.floridasoutherncollege.net

www.massagetherapistsalary.com

www.enterprisedatawarehouse.org

www.businessentitysearch.net

www.bracescolor.net

www.santabarbarafarmersmarket.com

www.pasadenafarmersmarket.com

www.oaklandhotels.net

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